Cómo hacer el zumo perfecto

Si quieres convertirte en un experto en zumos y batidos saludables, no puedes perderte este post. ¡Te enseñamos cómo hacer el zumo perfecto!

Lo que seguramente te habrás preguntado es, ¿que aparato necesito para comenzar a incluir los zumos de frutas y verduras en mi dieta?

Para comenzar te contamos que hay 4 tipos principales de máquinas, y que cada una tiene unas funciones diferentes que son buenas para un tipo determinado de recetas. Dependiendo del zumo que quieras hacer puedes necesitar:

  • Exprimidor
  • Licuadora
  • Batidora
  • Extractor

Exprimidor

El exprimidor común sirve para extraer el jugo de cítricos, naranjas, limones, pomelos, etc. Es muy útil y económico. Puedes hacerte con uno manual o eléctrico, los hay sencillos o más complejos, desde los 5€ a los 50€. Te recomendamos cualquiera eléctrico, para mas comodidad, de entre 10 y 15€.

No hay nada mejor que el zumo natural recién exprimido por la mañana para comenzar el día. Una vez tomes el hábito de hacer el zumo natural no volverás a querer comprar los zumos concentrados artificiales. 

Licuadora

Una licuadora separa el zumo de la pulpa de la fruta gracias a un sistema de rotación y de fuerza centrifuga. Como produce el zumo a gran velocidad, este sale oxidado, se conserva muy poco tiempo y sus características nutricionales están alteradas.

Son rápidas y sacan bien el jugo de frutas y verduras blandas. Con el resto de verduras suelen tener dificultades y no suelen extraer bien el jugo. Suelen ser más difíciles de limpiar y su precio ronda entre los 30 y los 100€.

Batidora

La batidora utiliza cuchillas que giran entre mil y treinta mil revoluciones por minuto; la bebida obtenida no solo contiene minerales y vitaminas, sino también la fibra triturada.

Suelen ser muy útiles para hacer batidos y smoothies, pero no para zumos ya que mantiene toda la fibra en la mezcla. También son útiles para hacer cremas, sopas y salsas. El precio de estos aparatos abarca desde los 35 hasta los 150€. 

En anteriores entradas de nuestro blog tienes varias recetas de smoothies preparados con batidora. 

Extractor

Por último, el extractor utiliza el principio de los rodillos dentados para machacar los alimentos. Cuenta con un sistema de filtros que permite recuperar el zumo de las frutas y las verduras machacadas por una parte, y, por otra, la fibra seca. Además de zumos también permite preparar purés y sopas. 

Vamos a desarrollar un poco mas en profundidad el extractor ya que aunque es un aparato de cocina un poco mas caro (entre 250-300€), es el mas interesante para nuestro objetivo de preparar los mejores y más sanos zumos que podamos imaginar.

Las ventajas del extractor:

-Para las preparaciones trituradas (purés, sopas): la textura es muy distinta de la que se obtiene con una batidora.

-Para los zumos: los zumos elaborados con el extractor no contienen fibra, así que el cuerpo absorbe mejor y más deprisa sus nutrientes, porque la digestión se reduce considerablemente. Al asimilarse en unos veinte minutos, el zumo se convierte en una auténtica bomba de vitaminas y de vitalidad para el organismo. Como se obtiene sin calor, su sabor es más sutil y se conserva mejor (hasta varios días en la nevera).

Gracias a la utilización del extractor podemos consumir más fácilmente verduras que no nos gusten o solamos evitar. Uno de nuestros trucos favoritos es mezclarla con un poco de fruta para endulzar el sabor. Lo ideal es no superar la proporción de 1/3 de fruta por 2/3 de verdura. 

Además, también se puede utilizar el extractor para los restos de verduras ralladas sin aliñar o para frutas que están empezando a ponerse feas, así aprovecharemos siempre al máximo nuestros alimentos. 

¿Que hacer con la pulpa que sobra?

Aunque la fibra sobrante apenas posea vitaminas, se puede utilizar como complemento en algunas preparaciones:

  • Pancakes
  • Masa para pan o magdalenas
  • Salsa para pasta y rellenos
  • Sopas

A continuación tenéis dos fotos de ejemplo de como reacciona el zumo transcurridos 5 minutos al hacerlo con una licuadora de centrifugación o un extractor de masticación lenta.

zumos-diferencia

(A la izquierda, zumo con extractor de masticación lenta; a la derecha, zumo con licuadora)

Puedes ver cómo funciona un extractor en esta receta de Zumo Detox: Apio y Kale.

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